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Friday, February 29, 2008

Fish otak-otak

500g fish fillets (any firm fish)
8 red shallots
3 stalks lemon grass
3cm (1 1/2in) fresh galangal
6 dried chillies
1/2 tsp turmeric powder
1/4 cup daun kesum
2 kaffir leaves (daun limau purut)
1/2 cup thick coconut cream
1 tsp salt
5 candlenuts
1 tbsp coriander powder
1 tbsp cumin powder
1 tbsp cornflour
banana leaves (see note)
bamboo skewers

1. Peel shallots, lemon grass, galangal and dried chillies.

2. Grind into a paste with turmeric. Shred daun kesom and kaffir leaves separately.

3. Chop fish roughly and blend with three tablespoons coconut cream to a fine texture. Add salt. Add ground paste and continue blending. Add candlenuts, spices, shredded daun kesom and blend until fine.

4. Remove the fish paste and place in a bowl. Add remainder of the coconut cream. Add kaffir leaves and cornflour. Mix well.

To wrap:

Place a heaped tablespoon of mixture onto prepared banana leaves and fold it flat lengthwise. Skewer both ends with bamboo skewers and cut off excess leaves at the end to make a neat package.

Cooking method:

Cook over charcoal fire or under a grill for five to 20 minutes, turning from time to time; or place packages onto a steaming tray and steam for about eight to 10 minutes.

Note: To prepare the banana leaves, cut them into 19cm by 30cm strips. Soak in hot water to soften only if they are old and hard (dark green). If the leaves are young, just wash and dry.

For prawn otak-otak, prepare the prawns by shelling and de-veining. The ingredients and method are the same.

Tuesday, February 19, 2008

Ledger Rigs and Drop-line Fishing on Reef

The ledger rig is a great way of targeting hapuku, bass and bluenose in deeper water, and is also an excellent all purpose reef fishing rig which can be fished directly from a rod, or set and left to fish like a longline.

In shallower water this dropshot fishing rig will catch snapper, tarakihi, kingfish, porae, red snapper, trumpeter, john dory, trevally and grandfather hapuku.

Generally no more than three hooks are used when fishing a ledger rig from a rod while up to 20 hooks can be set in very deep water beside high underwater cliffs for deepwater species.

When left to fish the deep water rig is called a hapuku dropper or dhan line. Deepwater Fishing

An example of a typical ledger rig is shown on the right. Keep the traces shorter than half the distance between hooks to avoid tangles.

All the knots you need to tie including tying a snell can be found here

Hapuku, bass and bluenose can be found in depths ranging from a few metres to 240 metres but are more abundant in the deeper water.

If fishing for these deep water species use only snelled circle hooks from size 5/0 to 10/0.

Long strip baits are good for deep sea fishing as generally the fish suck the whole bait into their large mouth.

Hapuku will take whole fish baits, whole squid, long strip baits, crayfish and crabs. Paul's favourite was whole fresh rock cod up to 2kg.

It is important to use the correct fish hook knot when tying fishing rigs

Again use a hook snell on circle hooks for this rig. An article with pictures of snells can be found here snelled circle hooks


Always snell hook to trace first, as you cannot snell fishing rigs unless both ends of the trace are free

Articles comparing the catch rates for different fish hook knots can be found here fishing knots snell v/s tied

I have set many 10 hook ledgers in the kelp overnight around the Mokohinau Islands when I was commercially fishing and caught many 6 to 12kg snapper doing so.

More Info:

Tie a Two Hook Pilchard Rig

Once you have perfected snelling a hook, it is very simple to make up a two hook trace.

Simply snell the first hook on, then pass the end of the trace through the back of the second hook and you're ready to snell the second hook on.

Set the distance between the hooks at about two thirds of the length of the bait fish you intend to use before snelling the second hook.

The finished two hook pilchard rig

When tying a two hook pilchard rig, we have found that keeping the hooks in line further improves both your catch rate and the ability of the rig to hold soft baits or live baits.


If using whole fish baits, put one hook through the head and the other hook through the body behind the gut cavity and make sure the second hook goes around the spine of the bait fish.

The head of the bait should be on the bottom hook.

Banyak Info pancing:

Tying Fish Hooks - Snelling Fish Hooks

Paul's Fishing Kites have conducted extensive research on fish hook types, hook sizes, and the effects of tying fishing hooks versus snelling fishing hooks in the New Zealand snapper fishery. It was found that the type of fishing hook knots used has a significant effect on catch rates

Circle hooks with a snell knot were found to have the highest catch rate by a considerable margin and caught more than twice as many fish as either O'Shaugnessy and Octopus patterned hooks of the same size.

The method of tying fishing hooks was also investigated and a difference in catch rate between tying a circle hook versus snelling a circle hook was determined to be around 20% in favor of the snell knot. See the diagrams below on how to tie a fishing knot to attach the hook to the trace.

Snelled fishing hooks

Besides improved catch rates, the snell knot takes only seconds per hook to tie. The resulting attachment is one of the strongest fishing knots around, whereas tying to the eye of the hook weakens the trace by as much as 40% (depending on the knot used and the skill of the fisherman tying the knot).

The best snelled fishing hooks found in the extensive sea trials (over 10,000 hooks were set) are available from Paul's Fishing Kites. The snell is the easiest fish hook tying knot around.

There are two types available

*Nickel Teflon : 4/0 & 5/0
For conventional fishing with rods and reels from boat or shore.

*Seaguard Coated : 4/0 & 5/0
These have a smaller eye for tighter snelling and are best for longlines, kite fishing and kon tiki rigs.

Fishing Hook Knot Tying

Snelling is a very simple method of fishing hook knot tying and the snell knot is the strongest of all saltwater fishing hook knots.

Tying fishing hooks

*First pass the trace through the eye of the hook from the front of the hook.Only pass it through about half an inch.
*Hold the shank of the hook and the half inch tab end and wrap the trace around both the shank of the hook and the tab end 7 or 8 turns.
*Pass the trace back down through the eye of the hook from the back of the hook.
*Pull the trace tight while holding the hook to set the snell.
*There should be very little or no tag end protruding when the knot is set.

If the hook curls up towards the trace you have snelled the hook correctly. We believe that snelling a hook like this makes the trace act as a spring and improves the hook up rate and also prevents the fish from throwing the hook.

Info Pancing:

Fried Fish Tacos


-1 quart vegetable oil
-12 corn tortillas
-1 cup all-purpose flour
-2 teaspoons salt
-1 cup beer (not dark)
-1 pound cod fillet, cut into 3- by 1-inch strips
-Shredded lettuce
-Sour Cream
-Avocado slices
-Chopped or sliced radish
-Red or green salsa
-Lime wedges

Cooking Directions

1-Preheat oven to 350 degrees F.

2-Heat 1 inch oil in a 10-inch heavy pot (2 to 3 inches deep) over moderate heat until a deep-fat thermometer registers 360 degrees F.

3-Meanwhile, separate tortillas and make 2 stacks of 6. Wrap each stack in foil and heat in oven 12 to 15 minutes.

4-While tortillas warm, stir together flour and salt in a large bowl, then stir in beer (batter will be thick). Gently stir fish into batter to coat. Lift each piece of fish out of batter, wiping any excess off on side of bowl, and fry fish in batches, turning once or twice, until golden, 4 to 5 minutes. Drain on paper towels.

5-Increase oil temperature to 375 degrees F and refry fish in batches, turning once or twice, until golden brown and crisp, about 1 minute. Drain on paper towels.

6-Assemble tacos with warm tortillas, fish, and accompaniments

Info Pancing:

Sunday, February 17, 2008

the best fishing knots.

This fishing knot uses the hangmans uni knot and is the knot most used by Paul's Fishing Kites for all the critical knotted joins in their kite fishing rigs and kite lines.

The best thing about this fishing knot is that it doesn't tighten up over time like a clinch knot or uni knot does and is ideal to use on surf fishing lines.

While other knots weaken the line over time, the catspawed hangmans uni knot will last for years without any maintenance required.

You will need to learn the hangmans uni knot before attempting this.

This knot is best tightened slowly while paying particular attention to how the line is laying while pulling it up.

You don't want to have any twists in the line or have the line crossing. A bit of practice is required.

To pull it up, put the clip over something fixed, such as a large nail.

Put light tension on the main line and slowly push the noose up to the clip.

This is truly one of the best saltwater fishing knots around and it is really worth taking the time to learn how to tie it properly.

Info Pancing:

Tie Traces the Correct Length

For snapper fishing 1 metre 20 to 30 kg (40-50lb) traces are best.

Storing traces and terminal tackle on a rack or board has many advantages.

If you are using a longline or kite rig you will need a trace rack of some sort to store the many traces on.

Those using the sliding trace rig also find a rack helpful for storing spare traces and weight lines on.

Many fishers just like to have spare traces available for regular fishing with rods and reels.

The fishing line on traces that have been stored under tension on a rack are straight, kink and twist free and are a pleasure to use.
Keeping spare traces on a rack will reduce your fishing downtime if you get tangled with others, get snagged or are busted off by a big fish.

You can also bait the traces while they are on the rack.

Running repairs only mean seconds of lost fishing time rather than the many minutes it takes to completely re-rig your line from scratch.

The main question we get asked at Paul's Fishing Kites is, "how to tie a knot for fishing traces and get them all exactly the right length?"

The first thing you need to do is tie or snell all your hooks to traces that are around 300mm (12inches) too long.

Fishing knots and tips

1-Take one of the traces with a fish hook already snelled on and put the hook in the slot or over the nail on your rack where it will go when tied.

2-Put the clip and swivel in the opposite end of the rack where it will go.

3-Pull the trace towards the clip and cut the trace about 25mm (1 inch) beyond the swivel. On Paul's Fishing Kites racks simply cut flush with the inside of the rack as show

Tie fishing knot to length

Hang the rest of the traces with hooks on over a bar or clothes hanger and pull the traces gently until the hooks are lined up perfectly.

Pull the traces into a pony tail and cut them all to the same length of the first trace you cut.

All the traces with hooks on are all now the same length and we only need to get the tab end on the knot we tie to the swivel the same to have traces the perfect length.

The clinch knot (shown below) or an improved clinch (Looking at the diagram below it has the tab end turned towards you and is then passed back through the big loop) are the best knots for conrtolling the length of the tab end and are among the most popular monofilloment fishing knots.

Tighten a fishing knot trace

The trick is all in the pulling up of the knot.

*Tie the trace loosely to the swivel as shown in the top diagram below.

*Pinch the top of the swivel, the tab end and the last loop of the line firmly in your left hand while leaving a tab end of 25mm (1 inch).

*As you pull the knot up the tab end stays where you are pinching it and after tightening will still be 25mm long.

*Test your first trace on your rack and if it is a little loose add half an inch to the tab end for the rest of the traces.

Knot tying illustration - Improved Clinch Knot

Funny Fishing Video

Saturday, February 16, 2008

Knot to soft bait

Fish content application sometimes it hinder because it easy gushing out especially when am being pelted or bring current. Therefore, suitable knot required to avoid finished bait just like that.

1 - Take fish content common use but need to be discarded skin to enable his smell become attraction to tame victim and then include hook to content that fish.

2 - Then belay thin monofilament to almost entire bait just now.

3 - Broken last rope coil bait just now but do not ever make any knot.

Translate Bahasa Malaysia:

Wednesday, February 13, 2008

Fishing Games

Lost your exhaustion when go fishing with this game.

Thursday, February 07, 2008

Fish Anatomy Part 1

Fish Anatomy

Fish anatomy is primarily governed by the physical characteristics of water, which is much denser than air, holds a relatively small amount of dissolved oxygen, and absorbs light more than air does.

Lampanyctodes hectoris
(1) - operculum (gill cover), (2) - lateral line, (3) - dorsal fin, (4) - adipose fin, (5) - caudal peduncle, (6) - caudal fin, (7) - anal fin, (8) - photophores, (9) - pelvic fins (paired), (10) - pectoral fins (paired)


Fish have a variety of different body plans. Their body is divided into head, trunk, and tail, although the divisions are not always externally visible. The body is often fusiform, a streamlined body plan often found in fast-moving fish. They may also be filiform (eel-shaped) or vermiform (worm-shaped). Also, fish are often either laterally compressed (thin) or vertically depressed (flat).

The caudal peduncle is the narrow part of the fish's body to which the caudal or tail fin is attached. The hypural joint is the joint between the caudal fin and the last of the vertebrae. The hypural is often fan-shaped.

Photophores are light-emitting organs which appears as luminous spots on some fishes. The light can be produced from compounds during the digestion of prey, from specialized mitochondrial cells in the organism called photocytes, or associated with symbiotic bacteria, and are used for attracting food or confusing predators.

The lateral line is a sense organ used to detect movement and vibration in the surrounding water. In most species, it consists of a line of receptors running along each side of the fish.

The ampullae of Lorenzini allow sharks to sense electrical discharges.

The genital papilla is a small, fleshy tube behind the anus in some fishes, from which the sperm or eggs are released; the sex of a fish often can be determined by the shape of its papilla.


The head includes the snout, from the eye to the forwardmost point of the upper jaw, the operculum or gill cover (absent in sharks), and the cheek, which extends from eye to preopercle. The operculum and preopercle may or may not have spines. The lower jaw defines a chin.

In lampreys, the mouth is formed into an oral disk. In most jawed fish, however, there are three general configurations. The mouth may be on the forward end of the head (terminal), may be upturned (superior), or may be turned downwards or on the bottom of the fish (subterminal or inferior). The mouth may be modified into a suckermouth adapted for clinging onto objects in fast-moving water.

The head may have several fleshy structures known as barbels, which may be very long and resemble whiskers. Many fish species also have a variety of protrusions or spines on the head. The nostrils or nares of almost all fishes do not connect to the oral cavity, but are pits of varying shape and depth.
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